The Writings of African-Americans®: What is Responsibility to Protect (RtoP or R2P)?

Crisis Reporting by Tres M. Scott on The Writings of African Americans
Crisis Reporting by Tres M. Scott on The Writings of African Americans
The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP or R2P) is a rule or belief governing behavior or a standard (principles or norms) of supreme, independent authority over a geographic area, not a special right, advantage, or immunity granted  only to one person or group of people (sovereignty not privilege) that prevents and halts:

  • Genocide,
  • War Crimes,
  • Crimes against Humanity, and
  • Ethnic Cleasing.

A state (country) has the responsiblity to protect its population, if unable the International community has responsibility to assist the state by building its capacity.

The Writings of African-Americans®: Humanitarian Solutions with International World Management & Leadership

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The Writings of African-Americans®: Jihad: An Anti Israel-U.S. Relationship Concept of Osama bin Laden from the 1980s

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According to The Wall Street Journal’s Wednesday, March 23, 2011 issue,  Israeli attacks on militant targets in Gaza killed at least eight Palestinians, part of a rise in hostilities that began with a Hamas strike on Saturday, while NATO forces have for four days authorized air strikes against Lybia, a location Al Qaeda operates out of.

Many Islamic groups like Al Qaeda out of Lybia lead by Osama bin Laden believe that the relationship between Israel and the U.S. gives them the right to Jihad, from Al Qaeda this has been a strength since the 1980s.

Like other terrorist and para-terrorist issues of this age. civilians have been assaulted more by these extremist groups than military forces.

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have issued reports on these activities in the past. From an article written about The Taliban, another terrorist and para-terrorist group:

Human Rights Watch’s (2008) report on “Troops in Contact” Airstrikes and civilian death in Afghanistan, section VII Recommendations: To Taliban, Al-Qaeda, and other opposition armed groups are: “Cease using civilians as shields, take all feasible precautions to protect civilians from the effects of attack…, stop feigning civilian status during attacks…, affirm commitments to follow international humanitarian law…

Amnesty International (2009) report on Getting Away With Murder? The Impunity of International Forces in Afghanistan, states that the, “International Military Forces In Afghanistan include: Operation Enduring Freedom , The NATO-led UN mandated International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)”. There are other agencies present as well including United Nations Convention Against Torture and Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (Scott, 2009 [With Mounting Violence A surge On Taliban Support…])

The Law of Armed Conflict from the Four Geneva Conventions may be necessary at this time for para-terrorist activities to alert the world of the dangers to civilians.  The Purpose of the Four Geneva Conventions:

“…the protection of civilian persons in time of war…”j0422423

“…all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties. Even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them…Even if not present…the Powers who are parties there to shall remain bound by it in their mutual relations..”

The Taliban and Hamas have governmental bodies and Al Qaeda does  not. The danger these para-terrorist pose, governmental body or not, is in the International Relations of Power, for this, power must:

  • be a goal,
  • the influence and control measurable,
  • have victory in conflict and attainment of security, and
  • control over resources and capabilities.

Degrees of International Relations Power are:

  1. Super Power,
  2. Great Power,
  3. Regional Power, and
  4. Middle Power.

These degrees of power can be “hard” or “soft”. A Pulitzer Centerendorsed title on the Taliban about accurate information , is a question on “softpower”.

In conclusion, the anti Irsael-U.S. Relationship attitude expresses by violence that started in the 1980s is still present. While the U.S. & NATO airstike Lybia,where Al Qaeda operates, Hamas has started a mini-war with Israel. The useof power by the terrorist, para-terrorist, and extremist groups is felt more with the civilian population than military. As a result, the enforcement of tThe Law of Armed Conflict may be necessary.

Update November 28, 2012 “A Year Later”

According to MSN.com’s Homepage News Al Qeada, which operates out of Lybia, is causing problems for those fighting human trafficking. In the state of California, petitions are being used to draft laws against human trafficking.

The Writings of African-Americans®: United States of American Human Rights Issues: Labor Unions

This topic is endorsed by The Writings of African-Americans (TWOAA) by Tres Mali Scott.

The most protected “human rights” issues in the U.S. is labor. Labor Union is the American English term that comes from Trade Union, a British English term.

A labor union is  legal representation of workers banded together for common goals. This concept originated to end mistreatment  and underpayment of employees during the Industrial Revolution. Also to maintain and improve employment conditions.

Recently, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker has officially taken away nearly all collective bargaining rights from the vast majority of the state’s public employees.

Walker signed the bill to do so privately Friday morning. He planned an afternoon news conference in the Capitol.

References:

http://CNN.com (2011)

http://tmscsecuritysvcs.blogspot.com (2011)

http://washingtonpost.com (2011)

http://writingofafricanamericans.wordpress.com (2011)

The Writings of African-Americans®: Africa and a BBC News Report on Rwanda

On February 3, 2011 the BBC NEWS on AFRICA reports that Rwanda is promoting vasectomy to stem the population growth. Many reports of genocide and deforestation in Rwanda and other African countries makes this look like another form of genocide.

The Rwandan government has been encouraging male circumcision since 2008 as the UN World Health Organization says it reduces the risk of heterosexual HIV infection (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12354464)

The Writings of African-Americans®: The Political Ruling Structures of the World

This article is endorsed by TMSC  Consulting SVCS, LLC Management & Leadership Division by Tres Mali Scottpicture031, M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D. (ABD)

Countries have warred, brought peace, reorganized, and been split. What type of leadership do these countries have? There are several “political ruling structures of the world”, they include:

  • Dictatorships,
  • Republics,
  • Socialists,
  • Communists,
  • Multi-party (democracy style),
  • Nationalists,
  • Monarchies, and
  • Democracies.

Capitalism and Marxism are like the engines that move the political trains. How the economic systems look.

Capitalism (Small Upper and Lower Class, Large Tax Paying Middle Class)

________________________

Rich/Wealthy/Upper Class

Middle Class

___________________

Poor /Lower Class

Marxist (Moves from Capitalist to Socialist to Communist)

_____________________

Rich Minority_________

Proletariat/

Poor Majority

____________________

Dictatorships

The Ruler has absolute power, and they are not restricted by a constitution, laws or opposition.

Republics

Are a form of democracy: political systems where the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them. This includes all or a portion of the population. This political rule is not related to or referring to The Republican Party of the United States of America.

Socialism

Is a political theory advocating state ownership of industry. It includes a cast system, meaning individuals are born into a social class that is based on legacy and bloodline. The cast does not change and is reinforced through religion, educational opportunity, and marriage. Democratic Socialism is the public or common ownership and cooperative management of production and allocation.

Communism

Is a form of Socialism that abolishes private ownership. A Sociopolitical movement a stateless and classless society structured on common ownership, for example: Government Ownership.

Multi-Party Systems

Political systems that have multiple parties and may include communism, which excludes true democracy. An example is India, which has two political parties that are considered communist and large parts of India are considered Marxist.

Nationalism

Is a political emphasizes on promotion of a country.

Monarchy

Is a inherited government autocratic authority. All the political power is absolutely or nominally lodged with an individual.

Democracy

A Government by the people or elected officials. Political governing derived from the people. Stanford’s Universities Model of the four keys for Democracy:

  1. Free and Fair elections,
  2. Active participation of the citizens,
  3. Protecting of Human Rights, and
  4. The Rule of Law.

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