This topic is endorsed in part by the Writings of African-Americans and the International Library of Paranormal Psychology by Tres Mali Scott 2nd & 3rd Place Pulitzer Center Citizen Journalist Award Winning Writer on Crisis Reporting.
According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a crisis is a crucial or decisive point or situation, a turning point, an unstable condition, as in political, social, or economic affairs, involving an impending abrupt or decisive change.
An emergency, according to the American Heritage Dictionary is a serious situation or occurrence that happens unexpectedly and demands immediate action.
During crisis and emergencies, plans and procedures are used to reduce injuries and loss of life. National preparedness includes:
- Terrorist and Para-terrorist alerts,
- The Emergency Broadcast System which interrupts television and radio broadcast to notify of emergencies,
- Emergency shut down procedures to stop natural gas, water and electricity from leaking,
- Emergency evacuation plans and procedures,
- Emergency Drills,
- Weather watches
- Emergency agencies like FEMA, and
- Marshall Law.
Results of crisis and emergency from para-terrorism, are Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Chronic Stress Disorder (A Paranormal Psychological Term). The difference between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Chronic Stress Disorder is:
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is when the person experiences an event, explosion, crash, etc. The senses are involved.
Chronic Stress Disorder is when the fallout or residual effect of an event effects or affects the or a population.
An example of a major event in the United States of America that caused both of these Disorders on a massive level and started an economic crisis is 911, also called the New York Bombing and the Oklahoma City Bombing that caused a part of the country that is less likely to experience trauma, traumatized and unstable on a statewide level. The on set:
- The individuals that actually experienced the bombings: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
- The fallout or residual effects from the bombings- loss of jobs, loss of life, loss of emergency workers, deaths of children: Chronic Stress Disorder.
As Americans, ways that we recover as individuals and families from crisis and emergencies include:
In conclusion, crisis is a crucial turning point that is political, social, or economic and an emergency is an unexpected, serious situation. Both are included in National Preparedness and considered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Chronic Stress Disorder are results of crisis & emergencies. Counseling, recreational activities, hobbies, vacation, etc. can help elevate the effects and affects of these disorders, that are usually caused by something outside of our control.