Somalia, Ethiopia-Civil Conflict Gone Since 1991: 18 Years Still Awaiting International Recognition

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Considered a breakaway nation, most of the Somali people live in Somaliland, the southeastern part of Ethiopia, known as the Ogaden region. The Somali people are nomadic and pastoral people.

In 2009 A.D., Somaliland still awaits diplomatic recognition from the international community. Somali people live in the “Horn of Africa” and have for about 3,000 years. According to archaeological and historical evidence, the Somali people are called clans.

Some of these clans can be traced back to the Arabian Peninsula and are associated with the Prophet Muhammad’s family, the Sharifs.

British, French, & Italians established territories in Somalia now Somaliland. The British and Italian territories combined and in 1960 became known as the independent Somali Democratic Republic. The

Map picture

French territory has been known as Djibauti since its independence in 1977.

The population of the awaiting Somaliland is 13 million and has been predominately Islamic since the 1400s, and recently Islamic fundamentalism are stronger than the traditional Sufi mystical orders in Somaliland.

In conclusion, Somaliland, Ethiopia’s 13 million Somali people have been awaiting international recognition for 18 years. The civil conflict is gone, a good question would be- If you solve your civil unrest, how does the international community support peace?

Update 06/25/2009

According to the New York Times on Sunday June 21, 2009, after 18 years of peace,Somalia is under terrorist attack and requesting assistance from surrounding countries and the international community.


Davis, Wade, Harrison, David K., Howell, Herbert C. (2007). Book of Peoples of the World A Guide To Cultures. National Geographic Society. National Geographic Books Subsidiary: Washington, D.C.